Crypto Glossary

A comprehensive collection of crypto terms, jargon, and definitions that you and your team should be aware of.

  • 2FA (Two-Factor Authentication)

    2FA is a security process in which a user provides two different authentication factors to verify themselves, typically involving something the user knows (like a password) and something the user has (like a mobile device). It adds an extra layer of security to online accounts and transactions.

  • 51% Attack

    A 51% attack refers to a situation in which a single entity or group of entities gains control of the majority (51% or more) of a cryptocurrency network's computing power. This enables them to potentially manipulate transactions, double-spend coins, or disrupt the network's normal operation.

  • Absolute Advantage

    Absolute advantage refers to the ability of one entity to produce a good or service more efficiently than another entity, using the same amount of resources. It is a concept often discussed in the context of international trade and economics.

  • Account

    In the context of cryptocurrencies, an account typically refers to a digital wallet or storage system used to hold, send, and receive cryptocurrencies. It is identified by a unique address or account number.

  • Active Management

    Active management refers to an investment strategy where a fund manager or investment team makes specific decisions regarding which securities to buy, sell, or hold within a portfolio. This approach contrasts with passive management, where investments are typically made to mirror a market index.

  • Airdrop

    An airdrop in the context of cryptocurrencies refers to the distribution of free tokens or coins to the wallets of existing cryptocurrency holders. Airdrops are often used as a marketing strategy by blockchain projects to increase awareness, distribute tokens, or reward community members.

  • Air-Gapping

    Air-gapping is a security measure used to isolate sensitive or critical systems from unsecured networks, such as the internet. It involves physically disconnecting a system from external networks to prevent unauthorized access, data breaches, or cyber attacks.

  • Allocation

    Allocation refers to the distribution or assignment of resources, assets, or funds among different investment options or strategies within a portfolio. It involves determining the optimal mix of investments based on factors such as risk tolerance, investment objectives, and market conditions.

  • All Or None Order (AON)

    An All Or None (AON) order is a type of order placed by an investor specifying that the entire order must be filled at once or not at all. If the full order cannot be executed immediately, it remains unfilled until sufficient liquidity is available to complete the entire transaction.

  • All-Time High (ATH)

    All-Time High (ATH) refers to the highest price level ever reached by a cryptocurrency, stock, or other asset. It represents the peak valuation achieved over the entire history of trading.

  • Alpha

    Alpha is a measure of the active return on an investment compared to a market index or benchmark. It represents the excess return earned by an investment after adjusting for market risk. Positive alpha indicates outperformance, while negative alpha suggests underperformance.

  • Altcoin

    Altcoin is a term used to describe any cryptocurrency other than Bitcoin. It stands for 'alternative coin' and encompasses a wide range of digital currencies with varying features, purposes, and market capitalizations.

  • Angel Investor

    An angel investor is an individual or group that provides capital to startups or early-stage companies in exchange for equity ownership. Angel investors typically contribute funds, expertise, and mentorship to help entrepreneurs grow their businesses.

  • Anti Money Laundering (AML)

    Anti Money Laundering (AML) refers to a set of regulations, policies, and procedures designed to prevent the illegal generation of income through financial transactions. AML laws require financial institutions and businesses to verify customer identities, monitor transactions, and report suspicious activities to regulatory authorities.

  • Application-Specific Integrated Circuit (ASIC)

    An Application-Specific Integrated Circuit (ASIC) is a specialized hardware device designed for a specific computational task, such as mining cryptocurrencies. ASICs are optimized for efficiency and performance in performing particular functions and are commonly used in high-demand applications.

  • Arbitrage

    Arbitrage is the practice of exploiting price differences between two or more markets or exchanges to generate profit. In the context of cryptocurrencies, arbitrage opportunities may arise due to discrepancies in prices across different trading platforms.

  • Ask Price

    The ask price, also known as the offer price, is the price at which a seller is willing to sell a security, commodity, or cryptocurrency. It represents the lowest price at which sellers are willing to part with their assets in the market.

  • Asset Management

    Asset management involves the professional management of investments, including stocks, bonds, real estate, and other assets, on behalf of clients or investors. Asset managers aim to maximize returns while minimizing risk through strategic investment decisions and portfolio diversification.

  • Asynchronous

    Asynchronous communication refers to a method of data transmission where information is sent and received independently of a strict timing schedule. In the context of programming and computing, asynchronous operations allow tasks to execute concurrently, improving efficiency and responsiveness.

  • Bags

    In the crypto community, 'bags' typically refers to a large holding of a particular cryptocurrency, often acquired at a lower price with the expectation of future price appreciation. It can also be used to describe investments that have incurred losses or are considered undesirable.

  • Bear Market

    A bear market is a financial market characterized by declining prices for securities, commodities, or cryptocurrencies over an extended period. It is typically accompanied by pessimism among investors, economic downturns, and widespread selling pressure.

  • Benchmark

    A benchmark is a standard or reference point used for comparison and evaluation of investment performance. Benchmarks can be market indexes, such as the S&P 500, or custom portfolios against which the performance of investment funds or strategies is measured.

  • Beta (Coefficient)

    Beta, in finance, is a measure of an asset's volatility or risk compared to the overall market. A beta coefficient greater than 1 indicates higher volatility than the market, while a beta less than 1 suggests lower volatility. Beta helps investors assess an asset's sensitivity to market movements.

  • Beta (Release)

    In software development, a beta release is a version of a software product that is made available to a limited group of users for testing before its official launch. Beta releases help identify bugs, gather feedback, and improve the product's stability and functionality.

  • Bid-Ask Spread

    The bid-ask spread is the difference between the highest price a buyer is willing to pay (bid) and the lowest price a seller is willing to accept (ask) for a security, commodity, or cryptocurrency. It represents the transaction cost incurred by market participants and serves as a measure of liquidity and market efficiency.

  • Bid Price

    The bid price is the highest price that a buyer is willing to pay for a security, commodity, or cryptocurrency in the market. It represents the demand side of the market, indicating the maximum price buyers are willing to pay to acquire assets.

  • Bitcoin (BTC)

    Bitcoin (BTC) is the first and most well-known cryptocurrency, created by an anonymous person or group of people using the pseudonym Satoshi Nakamoto in 2008. It operates on a decentralized peer-to-peer network and serves as a digital currency for secure and borderless transactions.

  • Bitcoin Core

    Bitcoin Core is the reference implementation of the Bitcoin protocol, serving as the software that runs the Bitcoin network. Developed by the Bitcoin Core development team, it includes the full node software necessary for validating and relaying transactions on the Bitcoin blockchain.

  • Bitcoin Dominance

    Bitcoin dominance refers to the percentage of the total cryptocurrency market capitalization that is attributed to Bitcoin. It is a measure of Bitcoin's relative influence and importance within the broader cryptocurrency ecosystem.

  • Bitcoin Pizza

    Bitcoin Pizza refers to the first documented real-world transaction involving Bitcoin, in which Laszlo Hanyecz famously purchased two pizzas for 10,000 BTC on May 22, 2010. This event is often cited as one of the earliest examples of Bitcoin being used as a medium of exchange.

  • Black Swan Event

    A black swan event is an unpredictable and rare occurrence that has significant and widespread consequences. In the context of finance and investments, black swan events can cause extreme market volatility, leading to unexpected losses or gains for investors.

  • Bollinger Bands

    Bollinger Bands are a technical analysis tool used to measure volatility and identify potential price trends in financial markets, including cryptocurrencies. They consist of a set of three lines plotted on a price chart: a simple moving average (middle line) and two standard deviation bands (upper and lower bands).

  • Brain Wallet

    A brain wallet is a method of storing cryptocurrency private keys in the memory of the user's mind, rather than on physical or digital storage devices. Users typically generate private keys from a passphrase or mnemonic seed, which they can then use to access their funds.

  • Breakeven Multiple

    Breakeven multiple is a financial metric used to assess the profitability of an investment by comparing the current price to the price at which the investment was acquired. It represents the ratio of the current price to the breakeven price, indicating how many times the investment must appreciate to reach breakeven.

  • Break-Even Point (BEP)

    The break-even point (BEP) is the point at which total revenues equal total costs, resulting in neither profit nor loss. In the context of investments or business operations, the break-even point represents the level of sales or performance required to cover all expenses.

  • Breakout

    A breakout refers to a significant price movement above or below a predefined level of support or resistance on a price chart. Breakouts are often accompanied by high trading volume and can signal the beginning of a new trend or continuation of an existing trend.

  • Bull Market

    A bull market is a financial market characterized by rising prices for securities, commodities, or cryptocurrencies over an extended period. It is typically accompanied by optimism among investors, economic growth, and widespread buying pressure.

  • Buy Wall

    A buy wall refers to a large concentration of buy orders placed at a specific price level for a particular security, commodity, or cryptocurrency. Buy walls can indicate strong support for that price level, as market participants are willing to purchase assets at that price.

  • Candlestick

    A candlestick is a type of price chart used in technical analysis to visualize price movements of securities, commodities, or cryptocurrencies over a specific time period. Each candlestick represents the open, high, low, and close prices for that period, providing insights into market sentiment and trend direction.

  • Capitulation

    Capitulation refers to the moment when investors give up hope and sell their positions during a market downturn or sell-off. It often occurs after prolonged declines and is characterized by panic selling, fear, and a sense of surrender to market forces.

  • Central Bank

    A central bank is a financial institution responsible for overseeing monetary policy, regulating banks, and managing a nation's currency and money supply. Central banks play a crucial role in stabilizing financial systems, controlling inflation, and promoting economic growth.

  • Centralized

    Centralized refers to a system or organization where control, decision-making authority, and data management are concentrated in a single entity or authority. Centralized systems contrast with decentralized or distributed systems, where control and authority are distributed among multiple participants.

  • Central Processing Unit (CPU)

    A Central Processing Unit (CPU) is the primary component of a computer responsible for executing instructions, performing calculations, and processing data. CPUs are essential for running software programs, managing system resources, and executing tasks in various computing devices.

  • Circulating Supply

    Circulating supply refers to the total number of units of a cryptocurrency that are currently in circulation and available for trading in the market. It excludes locked or reserved tokens, as well as those held by developers, institutions, or long-term investors.

  • Cloud

    In the context of computing, the cloud refers to a network of remote servers hosted on the internet that store, manage, and process data and applications. Cloud computing allows users to access computing resources on-demand, scale resources dynamically, and pay only for the services they use.

  • Coin

    In the context of cryptocurrencies, a coin typically refers to a digital currency that operates on its own independent blockchain. Coins are often used as a medium of exchange, store of value, or unit of account within decentralized networks.

  • Cold Storage

    Cold storage refers to the offline storage of cryptocurrency private keys or wallet files, typically on physical devices or paper wallets, disconnected from the internet. Cold storage provides enhanced security by minimizing exposure to online threats, such as hacking or malware attacks.

  • Collateral

    Collateral refers to assets or property that a borrower pledges to a lender as security for a loan. In the context of cryptocurrency, collateral can also refer to digital assets locked in a smart contract to secure decentralized finance (DeFi) loans or protocols.

  • Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC)

    The Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC) is an independent agency of the United States government responsible for regulating futures, options, and derivatives markets. The CFTC oversees the trading of commodities, including cryptocurrencies, to ensure market integrity and protect investors.

  • Compound Interest

    Compound interest is the interest earned on both the initial principal and the accumulated interest of an investment, deposit, or loan. It allows for exponential growth over time, as interest is continuously added to the principal, resulting in higher returns.

  • Consumer Price Index (CPI)

    The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices paid by consumers for a basket of goods and services over time. It is used to gauge inflation and purchasing power in an economy and serves as a key indicator for economic policy and monetary decisions.

  • Cross-Platform

    Cross-platform refers to software, applications, or technologies that are compatible and interoperable across multiple operating systems or platforms. In the context of cryptocurrencies, cross-platform solutions enable users to access and use digital assets seamlessly on different devices and environments.

  • Crypto

    Crypto is a colloquial term used to refer to cryptocurrencies, cryptographic assets, or the broader ecosystem of blockchain-based technologies and applications. It encompasses digital currencies, tokens, protocols, and decentralized networks operating on cryptographic principles.

  • Crypto Assets

    Crypto assets are digital or virtual assets that utilize cryptographic techniques to secure transactions and control the creation of new units. They include cryptocurrencies, tokens, non-fungible tokens (NFTs), and other blockchain-based assets.

  • Crypto Bounties

    Crypto bounties are rewards offered in the form of cryptocurrency or tokens to individuals or groups for completing specific tasks, such as identifying bugs, contributing to open-source projects, or promoting blockchain adoption. Bounties incentivize participation and engagement within the crypto community.

  • Crypto Compliance

    Crypto compliance refers to the adherence to regulatory requirements, laws, and guidelines governing the use, trading, and issuance of cryptocurrencies and related services. Compliance measures aim to ensure transparency, security, and legal compliance within the crypto industry.

  • Cryptocurrency

    A cryptocurrency is a digital or virtual currency that utilizes cryptographic techniques to secure transactions, control the creation of new units, and verify the transfer of assets. Cryptocurrencies operate on decentralized networks based on blockchain technology.

  • Cryptoeconomics

    Cryptoeconomics is the interdisciplinary study of cryptographic techniques, computer science, and economics applied to decentralized networks and blockchain systems. It explores the incentive mechanisms, game theory, and economic models governing decentralized consensus protocols and token economies.

  • Cryptography

    Cryptography is the practice and study of techniques for secure communication and data protection in the presence of third parties or adversaries. It involves encryption, decryption, digital signatures, and various cryptographic protocols to ensure confidentiality, integrity, and authenticity of information.

  • Crypto Winter

    Crypto winter refers to a prolonged period of declining prices, reduced investor interest, and negative sentiment in the cryptocurrency market. It is often characterized by widespread selling pressure, project failures, and industry consolidation following a speculative boom.

  • DAO (Decentralized Autonomous Organization)

    A DAO, or Decentralized Autonomous Organization, is an organization represented by rules encoded as a computer program that is transparent, controlled by organization members, and not influenced by a central government. DAOs operate on blockchain technology and execute smart contracts to automate decision-making processes.

  • Dead Cat Bounce

    A dead cat bounce refers to a temporary recovery or brief rally in the price of a declining asset, followed by a continuation of the downtrend. The term is often used in financial markets to describe a short-lived and insignificant rebound in prices amidst an overall bearish trend.

  • Decentralized Autonomous Cooperative (DAC)

    A Decentralized Autonomous Cooperative (DAC) is an organization similar to a DAO but with a cooperative structure, where members work together to achieve common goals and share ownership and decision-making responsibilities. DACs operate on blockchain technology and promote decentralized governance and collaboration.

  • Decentralized Autonomous Organization (DAO)

    A DAO, or Decentralized Autonomous Organization, is an organization represented by rules encoded as a computer program that is transparent, controlled by organization members, and not influenced by a central government. DAOs operate on blockchain technology and execute smart contracts to automate decision-making processes.

  • Diamond Hands

    Diamond hands is a slang term used to describe investors who remain steadfast and resilient in their investment positions, even amidst market volatility or downturns. It signifies strong conviction, determination, and the ability to withstand short-term fluctuations for long-term gains.

  • Dollar Cost Averaging (DCA)

    Dollar cost averaging (DCA) is an investment strategy where an investor divides the total amount to be invested across regular intervals, such as weekly or monthly, regardless of market conditions. DCA aims to reduce the impact of market volatility and allows investors to accumulate assets over time at an average cost.

  • Do Your Own Research (DYOR)

    Do Your Own Research (DYOR) is a common phrase used in the cryptocurrency community, encouraging individuals to conduct thorough due diligence and analysis before making investment decisions. DYOR emphasizes the importance of independent research, critical thinking, and risk assessment.

  • Efficient Market Hypothesis (EMH)

    The Efficient Market Hypothesis (EMH) is a theory in financial economics that asserts that financial markets are efficient and reflect all available information. According to EMH, it is impossible to consistently outperform the market through stock picking or market timing, as asset prices already incorporate all relevant information.

  • Exchange

    An exchange is a marketplace or platform where assets, such as cryptocurrencies, stocks, or commodities, are bought, sold, or traded. Exchanges facilitate transactions between buyers and sellers, providing liquidity, price discovery, and order matching services.

  • Fakeout

    A fakeout is a deceptive price movement that briefly breaks through a technical level of support or resistance on a price chart, only to reverse direction shortly afterward. Fakeouts often trap traders into entering or exiting positions prematurely, leading to losses or missed opportunities.

  • Falling Knife

    A falling knife is a slang term used in financial markets to describe a rapidly declining asset with no clear bottom in sight. Investors who attempt to catch a falling knife by buying into such assets risk significant losses if the downward trend continues.

  • Fan Tokens

    Fan tokens are digital assets issued by sports organizations, teams, or clubs to engage and monetize fan communities. Fan tokens often provide holders with access to exclusive content, voting rights, merchandise discounts, and other benefits, fostering fan engagement and loyalty.

  • Faucet

    In the context of cryptocurrencies, a faucet is a website or application that distributes small amounts of free cryptocurrency to users. Faucets are often used for promotional purposes, community engagement, or to introduce users to new cryptocurrencies.

  • Fear Of Missing Out (FOMO)

    Fear of Missing Out (FOMO) is a psychological phenomenon characterized by the fear or anxiety of missing out on opportunities or experiences, particularly in financial markets. FOMO can drive investors to make impulsive decisions, such as buying into assets at peak prices, due to the fear of regretting missed gains.

  • Fear, Uncertainty And Doubt (FUD)

    Fear, Uncertainty, and Doubt (FUD) refers to the spread of negative or misleading information intended to create fear, doubt, or panic among investors or market participants. FUD tactics are often employed by individuals or groups to manipulate market sentiment and influence prices.

  • Fiat Currency

    Fiat currency is a type of currency that is issued by a government and declared to be legal tender, but it is not backed by a physical commodity such as gold or silver. The value of fiat currency is derived from the trust and confidence of the public and the stability of the issuing government.

  • Fill Or Kill Order (FOK)

    A Fill Or Kill (FOK) order is a type of order placed by an investor specifying that the entire order must be filled immediately or canceled ('killed'). If the full order cannot be executed immediately, it is canceled instead of partially filled, helping to avoid partial executions and potential market impact.

  • First-Mover Advantage (FMA)

    First-Mover Advantage (FMA) refers to the competitive advantage gained by the first company or product to enter a market or industry. The first mover often establishes brand recognition, builds customer loyalty, and captures market share before competitors enter the market.

  • Fiscal Policy

    Fiscal policy is the use of government spending, taxation, and borrowing to influence the economy. It aims to achieve economic objectives such as controlling inflation, stimulating economic growth, and managing unemployment by adjusting government expenditures and revenue.

  • Forced Liquidation

    Forced liquidation occurs when an investor's assets are sold off by a broker or exchange to cover losses or meet margin requirements. It typically happens when the investor fails to meet margin calls or maintain sufficient collateral for leveraged positions, resulting in automatic sell-offs.

  • Forex (FX)

    Forex, or foreign exchange, refers to the global marketplace where currencies are traded against each other. It is the largest and most liquid financial market in the world, with participants including banks, financial institutions, corporations, governments, and individual traders.

  • Fren

    Fren is a slang term used in the cryptocurrency community to describe a period of heightened excitement, speculation, or hype surrounding a particular cryptocurrency or market trend. It often refers to a state of frenzy among investors or traders.

  • Fundamental Analysis (FA)

    Fundamental analysis (FA) is a method of evaluating the intrinsic value of an asset, such as a stock, bond, or cryptocurrency, by analyzing factors such as financial statements, economic indicators, industry trends, and market conditions. FA aims to assess the underlying fundamentals and long-term viability of an investment.

  • Futures Contract

    A futures contract is a standardized financial agreement to buy or sell a specified asset, such as commodities, currencies, or financial instruments, at a predetermined price on a future date. Futures contracts are traded on regulated exchanges and serve as hedging and speculation tools for investors.

  • General Public License (GPL)

    The General Public License (GPL) is a widely used open-source software license that grants users the right to use, modify, and distribute software freely, provided that derivative works are also licensed under the GPL. It promotes collaboration, sharing, and the principles of free software.

  • Golden Cross

    A golden cross is a bullish technical analysis pattern that occurs when a short-term moving average, such as the 50-day moving average, crosses above a long-term moving average, such as the 200-day moving average, on a price chart. It is often interpreted as a bullish signal indicating potential upward momentum.

  • Hackathon

    A hackathon is an event, typically lasting several days, where programmers, developers, designers, and others collaborate intensively on software projects, often focusing on innovation, problem-solving, and prototype development. Hackathons are common in the technology industry and foster creativity and teamwork.

  • Hacker

    A hacker is an individual with advanced technical skills and knowledge of computer systems and networks, often used for exploring, exploiting, and securing information technology. Hackers can be classified into various categories, including white hat, black hat, and grey hat hackers, based on their motivations and ethical considerations.

  • High-Frequency Trading (HFT)

    High-Frequency Trading (HFT) is a trading strategy that utilizes advanced algorithms and computerized systems to execute a large number of orders at extremely high speeds. HFT aims to capitalize on small price discrepancies, market inefficiencies, and arbitrage opportunities in financial markets.

  • HODL

    HODL is a misspelling of 'hold' that originated in the cryptocurrency community, emphasizing the strategy of holding onto investments despite market volatility or downturns. It signifies a long-term investment approach based on the belief in the future potential and value of the asset.

  • Iceberg Order

    An iceberg order is a large order to buy or sell a financial asset that is divided into smaller, undisclosed quantities to avoid revealing the full size of the order to the market. Only a portion of the order is visible to other traders, while the remainder is hidden, allowing for more discreet execution.

  • ICO (Initial Coin Offering)

    An Initial Coin Offering (ICO) is a fundraising method used by cryptocurrency startups to raise capital by selling digital tokens or coins to investors in exchange for funding. ICOs typically offer tokens representing future utility or ownership rights in a project and have become a popular way to finance blockchain projects.

  • Initial Public Offering (IPO)

    An Initial Public Offering (IPO) is the process by which a private company offers shares of its stock to the public for the first time, allowing it to become publicly traded on a stock exchange. IPOs provide companies with access to capital and liquidity, while allowing investors to buy shares and become partial owners of the company.

  • Isolated Margin

    Isolated margin is a risk management feature offered by cryptocurrency exchanges that allows traders to limit their exposure to individual trading positions by isolating margin funds for each position. It helps prevent losses from one position affecting funds allocated to other positions, reducing the risk of liquidation.

  • Know Your Customer (KYC)

    Know Your Customer (KYC) is a regulatory requirement that financial institutions and businesses must comply with to verify the identity of their customers and assess their risk levels. KYC procedures involve collecting and verifying personal information, such as identification documents and proof of address, to prevent fraud, money laundering, and terrorist financing.

  • Latency

    Latency is the delay or lag in the transmission of data between two points in a network, such as between a trader's computer and a trading platform. In financial markets, low latency is essential for high-frequency trading (HFT) strategies, where milliseconds can impact trading outcomes and execution speeds.

  • Law Of Demand

    The law of demand is an economic principle that states that, all other factors being equal, as the price of a good or service increases, the quantity demanded decreases, and vice versa. It reflects the inverse relationship between price and quantity demanded in a market.

  • Library

    In software development, a library is a collection of precompiled routines, functions, classes, or scripts that can be reused and shared by multiple programs or applications. Libraries provide developers with ready-made solutions for common tasks, improving efficiency, and reducing development time.

  • Linux

    Linux is a free and open-source operating system based on the Unix operating system kernel. It is widely used in server environments, embedded systems, and as the foundation for various distributions, or 'distros,' tailored for desktop and enterprise computing.

  • Listing

    A listing refers to the process of making a financial asset, such as a stock, bond, or cryptocurrency, available for trading on an exchange or platform. Listings provide liquidity, price discovery, and access to a broader investor base, enhancing the marketability and visibility of the asset.

  • Maker

    In the context of decentralized finance (DeFi), a maker is an individual or entity that provides liquidity to a liquidity pool or decentralized exchange (DEX) by depositing assets and creating trading pairs. Makers earn fees from trades executed against their provided liquidity.

  • Malware

    Malware, short for 'malicious software,' is software designed to infiltrate, damage, or disrupt computer systems, networks, and devices. Malware includes viruses, worms, trojans, ransomware, spyware, and other malicious programs intended for various nefarious purposes.

  • Margin Trading

    Margin trading is a trading method where an investor borrows funds from a broker or exchange to buy or sell financial assets, such as stocks, cryptocurrencies, or derivatives, with leverage. Margin trading allows investors to amplify potential returns but also increases the risk of losses.

  • Market Capitalization

    Market capitalization, often abbreviated as 'market cap,' is a measure of the total value of a publicly traded company or cryptocurrency, calculated by multiplying the current market price per share or token by the total number of outstanding shares or tokens. Market cap reflects the market's valuation of a company or cryptocurrency at a given point in time.

  • Market Momentum

    Market momentum refers to the strength and direction of price movements in a financial market over a period of time. It is often measured using technical indicators, such as moving averages, oscillators, and volume analysis, to assess the rate of change and potential trends in market prices.

  • Market Order

    A market order is an order to buy or sell a financial asset, such as stocks or cryptocurrencies, at the current market price. Market orders are executed immediately at the prevailing market price, providing liquidity but offering no guarantee of price certainty, especially in volatile markets.

  • Moon

    In the cryptocurrency community, 'moon' is a slang term used to describe a significant and rapid increase in the price of a cryptocurrency, resulting in substantial profits for investors. It signifies a bullish market sentiment and optimism about the future price trajectory of the asset.

  • NGMI

    'NGMI' is an acronym used in the cryptocurrency community, standing for 'Not Gonna Make It.' It is often used humorously or sarcastically to describe unsuccessful trades, investments, or predictions that are unlikely to yield positive outcomes.

  • OCO Order

    An OCO (One Cancels the Other) order is a type of conditional order used in trading, where the execution of one order automatically cancels another. OCO orders consist of two or more orders, typically a stop order and a limit order, allowing traders to set both profit-taking and stop-loss levels simultaneously.

  • Off-Chain

    Off-chain refers to transactions, data, or processes that occur outside of a blockchain network or its main chain. Off-chain solutions are often used to improve scalability, reduce transaction costs, and enable faster transaction processing by conducting certain activities off the blockchain and later settling them on-chain.

  • Offshore Account

    An offshore account is a bank or financial account held in a foreign country by an individual or entity, often for privacy, tax planning, asset protection, or legal purposes. Offshore accounts are subject to the banking laws and regulations of the jurisdiction where they are held.

  • Optimistic Rollup

    Optimistic Rollup is a layer 2 scaling solution for Ethereum and other blockchain platforms, designed to improve scalability and reduce transaction costs by aggregating multiple transactions off-chain and submitting a single summary transaction to the main chain. It operates under the assumption that most transactions will be valid, minimizing on-chain computation and maximizing efficiency.

  • ORC-20 Tokens

    ORC-20 tokens are a type of digital token standard based on Ethereum's ERC-20 token standard, specifically designed for use within the blockchain-based game 'OrcsX.' ORC-20 tokens adhere to the ERC-20 specifications but may include additional features or functionalities tailored to the game environment.

  • Order Book

    An order book is a real-time list of buy and sell orders for a particular financial asset, such as stocks, cryptocurrencies, or commodities, organized by price and quantity. Order books provide transparency into market depth, price levels, and trading activity, helping traders make informed decisions and understand market dynamics.

  • Peer-to-Peer (P2P)

    Peer-to-peer (P2P) refers to a decentralized communication and exchange model where participants interact directly with each other without intermediaries. In the context of cryptocurrencies, P2P networks enable users to transfer digital assets directly between wallets without the need for centralized exchanges or financial institutions.

  • Pegged Currency

    A pegged currency is a currency whose value is fixed or pegged to another asset, such as a stablecoin pegged to a fiat currency like the US dollar or to a commodity like gold. Pegged currencies aim to maintain stability and reduce volatility by tying their value to a more stable or widely accepted asset.

  • Ponzi Scheme

    A Ponzi scheme is a fraudulent investment scheme that promises high returns to investors, typically through fake investments or business ventures. New investor funds are used to pay returns to earlier investors, creating the illusion of profitability and sustainability. Ponzi schemes inevitably collapse when new investments dry up, leading to significant financial losses for investors.

  • Privacy Coin

    A privacy coin is a type of cryptocurrency that emphasizes transaction privacy and anonymity by employing cryptographic techniques, such as zero-knowledge proofs or ring signatures, to obscure transaction details and conceal sender and recipient identities. Privacy coins aim to enhance financial privacy and fungibility in digital transactions.

  • Pseudorandom

    Pseudorandom refers to a sequence of numbers or data that appears random but is generated by a deterministic algorithm. Pseudorandom sequences are commonly used in computer simulations, cryptography, and random number generation, but they are not truly random and can be predictable given sufficient information about the algorithm and seed value.

  • Public Key

    A public key is a cryptographic key used in asymmetric encryption systems, such as public-key cryptography, to encrypt data or verify digital signatures. Public keys are openly shared and used by senders to encrypt messages or transactions intended for the owner of the corresponding private key.

  • Quantum Computing

    Quantum computing is a field of computing technology that utilizes the principles of quantum mechanics to perform operations and calculations. Quantum computers leverage quantum bits, or qubits, which can represent and manipulate multiple states simultaneously, enabling exponential computational power and the potential to solve complex problems that are infeasible for classical computers.

  • Ransomware

    Ransomware is a type of malicious software designed to encrypt files or restrict access to a computer system or data until a ransom is paid to the attacker. Ransomware attacks often target individuals, businesses, or organizations, demanding payment in cryptocurrency to unlock the encrypted files or restore access to the system.

  • Rekt

    'Rekt' is internet slang derived from 'wrecked,' commonly used in online gaming and cryptocurrency communities to describe significant losses or failures, particularly in trading or investing. It denotes a situation where an individual suffers substantial financial losses or is defeated in a competition or challenge.

  • Relative Strength Index (RSI)

    The Relative Strength Index (RSI) is a technical indicator used in financial markets to measure the magnitude and velocity of price movements and identify potential overbought or oversold conditions in an asset. RSI values range from 0 to 100 and are calculated based on the ratio of upward and downward price movements over a specified period.

  • Remote Procedure Call (RPC)

    A Remote Procedure Call (RPC) is a protocol that allows a program to request services from a remote server or another program on a network, enabling interprocess communication and distributed computing. RPCs enable applications to invoke procedures or functions on remote systems as if they were local, abstracting the underlying network communication.

  • Resistance

    In technical analysis, resistance refers to a price level or zone where selling pressure exceeds buying pressure, preventing an asset's price from rising further. Resistance levels are often identified on price charts as areas where previous price advances have stalled or reversed, indicating potential barriers to upward price movement.

  • Return On Investment (ROI)

    Return On Investment (ROI) is a financial metric used to evaluate the profitability or efficiency of an investment relative to its cost. ROI is calculated as the ratio of net profit or benefit generated by an investment to the initial investment amount, expressed as a percentage. A higher ROI indicates a more favorable return relative to the investment cost.

  • Securities And Exchange Commission (SEC)

    The Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) is a U.S. federal agency responsible for regulating the securities industry, enforcing securities laws, and protecting investors. The SEC oversees securities exchanges, securities brokers and dealers, investment advisors, and mutual funds, aiming to maintain fair, orderly, and efficient markets.

  • Selfish Mining

    Selfish mining is a theoretical attack on blockchain networks, particularly proof-of-work cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin, where a mining entity attempts to monopolize block rewards by withholding mined blocks or creating a longer private chain, thereby gaining a competitive advantage over other miners. Selfish mining exploits the network's consensus protocol to maximize rewards at the expense of network security.

  • Sell Wall

    A sell wall refers to a large volume of sell orders placed at a specific price level on an order book, creating a barrier or resistance to upward price movement. Sell walls are often interpreted as bearish signals, indicating selling pressure and potential difficulty for buyers to push the price higher.

  • Sentiment

    In financial markets, sentiment refers to the collective attitude, emotions, and perceptions of investors or traders toward a particular asset, market, or economic conditions. Sentiment analysis involves assessing market sentiment through various indicators, surveys, news sentiment, and social media sentiment to gauge investor sentiment and anticipate market movements.

  • Sharpe Ratio

    The Sharpe Ratio is a measure of risk-adjusted return that evaluates the performance of an investment relative to its volatility or risk. It is calculated as the ratio of the investment's excess return over the risk-free rate to its standard deviation of returns. A higher Sharpe Ratio indicates a better risk-adjusted return, reflecting superior performance per unit of risk.

  • Stablecoin

    A stablecoin is a type of cryptocurrency designed to maintain a stable value relative to a fiat currency, commodity, or algorithmic peg. Stablecoins aim to mitigate price volatility inherent in other cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin by pegging their value to a stable asset, making them suitable for transactions, remittances, and hedging in blockchain ecosystems.

  • Supercomputer

    A supercomputer is a high-performance computing system with significantly greater processing power, memory, and speed than conventional computers. Supercomputers are used for complex calculations, simulations, scientific research, weather forecasting, cryptography, and other computationally intensive tasks that require massive computational resources.

  • Support

    In technical analysis, support refers to a price level or zone where buying pressure exceeds selling pressure, preventing an asset's price from falling further. Support levels are often identified on price charts as areas where previous price declines have halted or reversed, indicating potential buying interest and demand.

  • Szabo

    Szabo is a unit of measurement in the cryptocurrency world named after Nick Szabo, a computer scientist and cryptographer known for his contributions to digital currencies and smart contracts. The term 'Szabo' is often used informally to refer to small denominations of cryptocurrencies, similar to 'satoshis' for Bitcoin.

  • Taker

    In trading, a taker is a market participant who places an order that matches an existing order on the order book, thereby executing the trade immediately and 'taking' liquidity from the market. Takers typically pay trading fees for executing trades, contrasting with market makers who provide liquidity by placing orders on the order book.

  • Tank

    'Tank' is slang used in financial markets, particularly in cryptocurrency trading, to describe a significant and sudden decline in the price of an asset or market. It signifies a sharp downturn or crash in prices, resulting in substantial losses for investors or traders holding long positions.

  • TradFi

    TradFi, short for Traditional Finance, refers to the conventional financial system, institutions, and practices that have existed before the advent of decentralized finance (DeFi) and blockchain technology. TradFi encompasses traditional banking, lending, investment, and regulatory frameworks that operate within centralized financial institutions and regulatory authorities.

  • TrueUSD (TUSD)

    TrueUSD (TUSD) is a stablecoin pegged to the value of the US dollar, designed to maintain a 1:1 parity with USD through regular audits and reserves held in escrow accounts. TUSD operates on blockchain networks such as Ethereum and offers stability, transparency, and liquidity for digital transactions and remittances.

  • Vladimir Club

    The Vladimir Club is a term used in the cryptocurrency community to describe a group of early Bitcoin investors or holders who have accumulated significant wealth through their holdings. The term is derived from the pseudonymous identity 'Vladimir' who allegedly holds a large amount of Bitcoin and is believed to be one of the wealthiest individuals in the cryptocurrency space.

  • Volatility

    Volatility refers to the degree of variation or dispersion in the price or value of a financial asset, such as stocks, cryptocurrencies, or commodities, over time. High volatility indicates rapid and unpredictable price movements, while low volatility suggests more stable and predictable price behavior. Volatility is often measured using statistical metrics such as standard deviation or beta.

  • Volume

    Volume refers to the total quantity or number of units of a financial asset, such as stocks, cryptocurrencies, or commodities, traded within a specific period, typically over a day, week, or month. Trading volume provides insights into the liquidity, interest, and activity in the market, with higher volume indicating increased participation and market sentiment.


    'WAGMI' is an acronym used in the cryptocurrency community, standing for 'We're All Gonna Make It.' It is often used optimistically or humorously to express confidence in the future success or profitability of investments, projects, or the cryptocurrency market as a whole, reflecting a belief in positive outcomes and collective prosperity.

  • Weak Hands

    Weak hands is a term used in trading and investing to describe individuals or investors who lack conviction or confidence in their positions and are easily swayed by market volatility or negative price movements. Weak hands tend to panic sell during market downturns or corrections, often realizing losses or missing out on potential gains.

  • Whale

    In the cryptocurrency market, a whale refers to an individual or entity that holds a significant amount of a particular cryptocurrency, often possessing large enough holdings to influence market prices or manipulate market sentiment through their buying or selling activity. Whales typically have substantial financial resources and can impact market dynamics.

  • Wick

    In technical analysis, a wick, also known as a shadow or tail, refers to the thin vertical line extending from the body of a candlestick chart, indicating the highest or lowest price reached during a specific trading period. Wicks represent price extremes or transient price movements that occurred but were not sustained, providing insights into market sentiment and price rejection.

  • Win Rate

    Win rate is a statistical metric used in trading and gambling to measure the percentage of successful or winning trades or outcomes relative to the total number of trades or events. A higher win rate indicates a greater proportion of profitable trades, while a lower win rate suggests more losses or unsuccessful outcomes.

  • Wrapped Ether (WETH)

    Wrapped Ether (WETH) is an Ethereum-based token that represents Ether (ETH) in a 1:1 ratio, allowing Ether to be traded on decentralized exchanges (DEXs) and utilized in decentralized finance (DeFi) applications as an ERC-20 token. WETH simplifies interoperability between different Ethereum-based assets and enables ETH to be traded seamlessly within the Ethereum ecosystem.

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